Neem, Tree of Life

In India it is considered the Sacred Tree, for its always green foliage, the resistance of its wood, its prophylactic and therapeutical benefits. The Neem tree is recognized by the Hindu people as the "Pharmacy of the Village".

Natural insecticide, repellent of insects, fungicidal, ant parasitic, bactericidal and anti-septic, has more than 3 thousand years these properties of the Neem are used for the Indians, in the personal hygiene, the prophylaxis and therapeutical human being, animal and vegetable. Introduced in Ceará, in the beginning of years 90, in the Neem Small Farm, that if dedicated to its culture and now it produces a line of products, exploring the quality of the sacred tree of the Indians.

Scientific name

Azadirachta indica A. Juss, that means "tree generous of India". Beyond the scientific name it is known as Neem, in Australia and the United States, and as Babo Yaro, in Nigeria. In Brazil also it is called Nim.

Distribution

Its originary of India and Birmany. It has tropical characteristics, occurring in all Central America, Pacific South, Mianmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Papua, New Guinea and Malaysia. It is given credit that in Brazil it had its first official introduction in 1984, for intermediary of an experiment in Brasília.


Tree with 3 years


Detail of the trunk


Treetops

Other Characteristics

Ground: it does not well even demand of high fertility, developing itself in barren lands. It does not support, however, marshy and acid land.

Temperature: between 8°C and 40°C. The hotter, faster is the growth.

Fruits: they appear in three years. They have 2 centimeters of length, are green and candies.

Seeds: it is a little lesser that the fruit and remembers an olive seed.

Leves: they are small and have 8 centimeters of length approximately.

Flowers: they are white, delicate and aromatical.

Height: it can reach 11 meters in eight years.

  

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